Common Name(s): Pine, Slash Pine
Scientific Name: Pinus elliottii
Distribution: Southeastern United States, though also widely grown on plantations
Tree Size: 60-100 ft (18-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1 m) trunk diameter
Average Dried Weight: 41 lbs/ft3 (655 kg/m3)
Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .54, .66
Janka Hardness: 760 lbf (3,380 N)
Modulus of Rupture: 16,300 lbf/in2 (112.4 MPa)
Elastic Modulus: 1,980,000 lbf/in2 (13.70 GPa)
Crushing Strength: 8,140 lbf/in2 (56.1 MPa)
Shrinkage: Radial: 5.4%, Tangential: 7.6%, Volumetric: 12.1%, T/R Ratio: 1.4

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Heartwood is reddish brown, sapwood is yellowish white.


Large resin canals, numerous and evenly distributed, mostly solitary ; earlywood to latewood transition abrupt, color contrast high; tracheid diameter medium-large.


Overall, Slash Pine works fairly well with most tools, though the resin can gum up tools and clog sandpaper. Slash Pine glues and finishes well.

Rot Resistance

The heartwood is rated as moderately resistant to decay.


Straight grained with a fine to medium texture.


Slash pine has been reported to cause allergic skin reactions and/or asthma in some people.


Should be widely available as construction lumber for a modest price.


This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, and is reported by the IUCN as being a species of least concern.


Slash Pine is considered to be in the group of southern yellow pines, and shares many characteristics with other species of this group (Longleaf, Shortleaf, and Loblolly Pine) such as being: hard, dense, and possessing an excellent strength-to-weight ratio.